Abalak is in the centre of Niger, serviced by the single main road from the capital, Niamey, leading towards the Northern part of the country (Agadez, Arlit…).
For the past 30 years, Abalak has accommodated mainly Tuareg et Fulah cattle farmers who were forced to resettle due to more common periods of drought which decimated their herds.
The population went from just a few families in 1980, to 16 000 inhabitants nowadays.
Economic activity mainly relies upon raising cows, goats, sheep and dromedaries.
The Abalak market is the biggest cattle market in Niger. This market operates every Tuesday and provides inhabitants of the northern part of Niger with the opportunity to get supplies of food and miscellaneous equipment.