Abalak is in the middle of Niger and is served by the unique main road leaving the capital, Niamey, towards the Northen part of the country (Agadez, Arlit…).
Abalak has accomodated during the last 30 years, cattle breeders mainly Tuaregs et Fulahs, forced to settle because the more and more common period of drought decimated their flocks.
The population went from few families in 1980, to 16 000 inhabitants nowadays.
Economic activity mainly relies upon breeding cows, goats, sheep and dromedaries.
The Abalak market is the biggest cattle market in Niger. This market set out every Thuesday, gives the opportunity for all Niger northen part inhabitants to get supplies in food and miscellaneous equipment.